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Dept. of Leadership, Policy, and Organizations Fall Colloquium Series

Wednesday, November 08, 2017,
  • Location: Mayborn Building • 130 Magnolia Cir • Nashville, TN 37212
  • Room: 204

Presentation by Dr. Joseph Murphy                                                              

Frank W. Mayborn Chair of Education, Dept. of Leadership, Policy & Organizations, Vanderbilt University Peabody College , Associate Dean, Special Projects

The Failure of Turnarounds

Joseph Murphy & Joshua Bleiberg

A growing body of literature is beginning to accumulate on the topic of school turnaround. At the same time, researchers have concluded that overall the turnaround movement has had a marginal impact on failing schools. We present one set of reasons for these failures in this paper, reasons that require one to see what is absent in the turnaround literature.

Presentation by Dr. Matthew Shaw
Assistant Professor of Public Policy and Education, Dept. of Leadership, Policy & Organizations Assistant Professor of Law, Vanderbilt Law School

DREAMbuilders?: The effect of in-state-resident tuition policies on undocumented-students’ educational attainment

In this paper, I examine U.S. Census data from the Current Population Survey Merged Outgoing Rotating Groups to understand how effective in-state-residency-tuition (ISRT) laws various states have passed beginning in 2001 are in improving educational attainment odds for undocumented students affected by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reform Act of 1996 (PRWORA), and the Illegal Immigrant Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA). I use a generalized difference-in-difference estimation strategy to attempt to establish causal effects. Using Mexican foreign-born-non-citizen status as a proxy for undocumented status, and therefore the treatment group, I compare enrollment and degree-completion outcomes for college-aged likely undocumented persons before and after the laws’ effective dates, treating the laws as an exogenous shock, with similarly situated documented persons as a control group. I find that the ISRT has been helpful, but alone insufficient to cure the harms caused by IIRIRA. Using a blended framework that uses liminal legality to understand the college choices of undocumented youth, I conclude, after Abrego and Gonzales (2010) and others that undocumented residency status as administered by PRWORA and IIRIRA converges over time to be a master status that makes the cost of attending college prohibitive while nearly illuminating any benefits. My research has implications for the revived debate over the proposed Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act, the education of undocumented students, the legal treatment and incorporation of undocumented people into U.S. society, and congressional preemption of the subject matter of educational benefits.

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